The serve in badminton is the most basic movement that exists, but it can also be the most complex because if you do a bad serve, you can lose the point there, either directly because of its failure or because it is too easy for the opponent to attack.
Although it seems very simple there are some basic rules that should always be respected.
See below for more on how to serve in badminton, its rules and what types of services exist.
Ready? Let’s go then.
All About How to Serve in Badminton
The serve must always be made diagonally and the shuttle must fall into the opposing service area, which may vary, depending on whether you are playing singles or doubles.
If your number of points is an even number, you have to serve on the right side of the field to the right of the opponent field, if it is odd you will have to do the reverse.
Bellow the Waist
The serves will always have to be done below the imaginary line of your chest.
Serves above the head as other sports do (volleyball, tennis, etc…) are not allowed.
Don’t Lift your Foot
A common mistake among more inexperienced players is to raise their feet to what they are doing at the moment of serve because it is a very natural movement to do.
If you do, you will lose the point immediately.
It is also against the rules to drag the foot while serving even though you can use it as a pivot in a movement of the hip rotation.
Don’t Step on the Lines
This is a very simple rule but if you do not have attention, it is also easy to break it.
You can not step on any of the lines while serving, so find a stable and balanced position where you can perform your service without stepping on any line.
Types of Serves
This type of serve is only used in singles games and the objective is to serve high to the bottom of the court so that the shuttle fall in “free fall” and thus make it more difficult for the opponent to respond with a smash, becoming more likely to return the shuttle with a clear or a drop-shot.
To do this service you must hold the shuttle by the feathers, open your body out of the field leaving the leg on the side where you are grabbing the racket back and do the service underneath in a circular motion.
The secret is to use the hip to rotate and thus be able to generate more force in the movement and even before the impact with the shuttle make a short movement with the pulse upwards in order to make that the shuttle goes in a more ascending trajectory and not so much for forward.
As the name implies, this is the reverse of the previous serve. The goal is for the shuttle to pass as close to the net as possible in order to prevent the opponent from attacking with a smash, making the defense almost impossible.
Here your body will be in the totally inverse position as well.
The leg on the side holding the racket will be further forward, it will do a backstroke using the “back” of the racket.
Here we recommend that you hold the shuttle at a different angle. The head should be pointing towards the racket in order to facilitate the movement and trajectory of steering forward.
It is very used in singulares but almost obligatory in doubles because the field is shorter and a high serve would fall almost towards the center of the court, thus facilitating in much the smash.
The service posture is exactly the same as the low serves, but in this case, you want to send a more direct service upwards in order to force your opponent to respond with a stroke behind the head.
It should not always be used, but it serves to change the trajectory of your serves and to unbalance the opponent so that he is not always waiting for the same thing.
Here the most difficult thing is to make both serves (low and flick) look exactly the same and your opponent can only figure out what you will do after you have done so.
This kind of serve is quite rare to see. In doubles matches, you still can see a few times being used because it’s easier to work out.
The goal is to send a tense serve close to the net but crossing the side field so that it falls behind the opponent’s back.
It is difficult to achieve, especially in singles games, because good players are quick to respond and the serve has to be really good to have a chance of unbalancing, otherwise, it can be an offer for the opponent.
In doubles matches it works best because the opponent is usually close to the service line, leaving the back more exposed and his partner may also make it harder to respond.
Where you see the drive serves most being used is between younger players or intermediate players, who do not have such good reflexes and you can detect and win some points “for free” in this game.
[Extra] Serves in Doubles
In this case, at the beginning of the game, both doubles decide who will perform and who will receive the first service.
While the duo holds the point, that person will serve, for example, in the double Anne/Marie, Anne begins to serve and they won the points, staying 1-0, she continues to serve, this time from the left, stays 2-0, go to the right and makes the serve.
The opposing double wins the point and the game stays 2-1 and will serve who started on the left (the player who did not receive the service) for Marie who was on the odd side (because Anne served when they had 2 points).
The pair Anne/Marie wins the point stays 3-1 and who will serve this time is Marie and always so.
All other rules in terms of who serves and rotations are equal to what you know of singles games.
And then, you know everything about how to serve in badminton, from the basic rules, types of service, etc…?
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